No doubt the greatest American architect of the 20th century, Frank Lloyd Wright was ahead of his time when he created his iconic masterpieces. Born in 1867 in Wisconsin, he developed an interest in architecture early on, thanks to his parents who encouraged him to pursue this interest.
In the early 20th century, Wright built Taliesin. Located in Spring Green, Wisconsin, it was a 600 acre estate of which he moved into after his infamous affair with Mamah Borthwick and had to leave his current residence in Oak Park, Illinois.
Wright , as well as many other American architects were influenced by the aesthetics of the Prairie School, a deviation from the architectural protocols of European architecture. These architects were looking for something unique and wholly American and the Parrie School, with its open plans, horizontal lines, and indigenous materials differentiated itself from the columns, ceilings and arches of the European buildings.
Mostly isolated to the Eastern and Mid Western United States, the Prairie architecture was blossoming and Frank Lloyd Wright was in the center of it all. He went on to build some of the most famous buildings that are studied in architectural circles.
Most popular is Falling Water in Mill Run, Pennsylvania. Built in 1937 for the Pittsburgh department store owners, the Kaufman family, Falling Water was and still is an amazing residence, as Wright worked to create his buildings to conform to nature.
One of his main achievements was the cantilevered structure that protrudes out above a stream, with a small water fall under it. This put the house right in the mist of its natural habitat of woods and water. It also solved a logistics problem, since there was a minimum amount of land to build on vs the number of bedrooms that the Kauffmann family had requested.
Wright went on to build many additional buildings, such as the Guggenheim Museum in New York and other master pieces until April 9, 1959, when he died.